E. Kontopoulos, N. Bassiliades, G. Governatori, G. Antoniou, “A Modal Defeasible Reasoner of Deontic Logic for the Semantic Web”, International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), IGI Global, 7(1), pp. 18-43, 2011.
Author(s): E. Kontopoulos, Nick Bassiliades, G. Governatori, G. Antoniou
Keywords: Semantic Web, defeasible logic, modal logic, deontic logic, reasoning, reasoning engine, DR-DEVICE.
Abstract: Defeasible logic is a non-monotonic formalism that deals with incomplete and conflicting information, whereas modal logic deals with the concepts of necessity and possibility. These types of logics play a significant role in the emerging Semantic Web, which enriches the available Web information with meaning, leading to better cooperation between end-users and applications. Defeasible and modal logics, in general, and, particularly, deontic logic provide means for modeling agent communities, where each agent is characterized by its cognitive profile and normative system, as well as policies, which define privacy requirements, access permissions, and individual rights. Toward this direction, this article discusses the extension of DR-DEVICE, a Semantic Web-aware defeasible reasoner, with a mechanism for expressing modal logic operators, while testing the implementation via deontic logic operators, concerned with obligations, permissions, and related concepts. The motivation behind this work is to develop a practical defeasible reasoner for the Semantic Web that takes advantage of the expressive power offered by modal logics, accompanied by the flexibility to define diverse agent behaviours. A further incentive is to study the various motivational notions of deontic logic and discuss the cognitive state of agents, as well as the interactions among them.