G. Tsoumakas, I. Katakis, I. Vlahavas (2004) “Effective Voting of Heterogeneous Classifiers”, Proc. European Conference on Machine Learning, ECML 04, Jean-Francois Boulicaut, Floriana Esposito, Fosca Giannoti, Dino Pedreschi (Ed.), LNAI 3201, pp. 465-476, Pisa, Italy.
Author(s): Grigorios Tsoumakas, I. Katakis, I. Vlahavas
Appeared In: Proc. European Conference on Machine Learning, ECML 04, Jean-Francois Boulicaut, Floriana Esposito, Fosca Giannoti, Dino Pedreschi (Ed.), LNAI 3201, pp. 465-476, Pisa, Italy, 2004.
Keywords: Voting, Multiple Classifier Systems, Ensemble Methods, Classification.
Abstract: This paper deals with the combination of classification models that have been derived from running different (heterogeneous) learning algorithms on the same data set. We focus on the Classifier Evaluation and Selection (ES) method, that evaluates each of the models (typically using 10-fold cross-validation) and selects the best one.We examine the performance of this method in comparison with the Oracle selecting the best classifier for the test set and show that 10-fold cross-validation has problems in detecting the best classifier. We then extend ES by applying a statistical test to the 10-fold accuracies of the models and combining through voting the most significant ones. Experimental results show that the proposed method, Effective Voting, performs comparably with the state-of-the-art method of Stacking with Multi-Response Model Trees without the additional computational cost of meta-training.